Debugging Test Failures

The testrunner module supports post-mortem debugging and debugging using pdb.set_trace. Let’s look first at using pdb.set_trace. To demonstrate this, we’ll provide input via helper Input objects:

>>> class Input:
...     def __init__(self, src):
...         self.lines = src.split('\n')
...     def readline(self):
...         line = self.lines.pop(0)
...         print(line)
...         return line+'\n'

If a test or code called by a test calls pdb.set_trace, then the runner will enter pdb at that point:

>>> import os.path, sys
>>> directory_with_tests = os.path.join(this_directory, 'testrunner-ex')
>>> from zope import testrunner
>>> defaults = [
...     '--path', directory_with_tests,
...     '--tests-pattern', '^sampletestsf?$',
...     ]
>>> real_stdin = sys.stdin
>>> sys.stdin = Input('p x\nc')
>>> sys.argv = ('test -ssample3 --tests-pattern ^sampletests_d$'
...             ' -t set_trace1').split()
>>> try: testrunner.run_internal(defaults)
... finally: sys.stdin = real_stdin
... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS
Running zope.testrunner.layer.UnitTests tests:
...
> testrunner-ex/sample3/sampletests_d.py(27)test_set_trace1()
-> y = x  # noqa: F841
(Pdb) p x
1
(Pdb) c
  Ran 1 tests with 0 failures, 0 errors and 0 skipped in 0.001 seconds.
...
False

Post-Mortem Dubigging

You can also do post-mortem debugging, using the –post-mortem (-D) option:

>>> sys.stdin = Input('p x\nc')
>>> sys.argv = ('test -ssample3 --tests-pattern ^sampletests_d$'
...             ' -t post_mortem1 -D').split()
>>> try: testrunner.run_internal(defaults)
... finally: sys.stdin = real_stdin
... # doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE +REPORT_NDIFF +ELLIPSIS
Running zope.testrunner.layer.UnitTests tests:
...
Error in test test_post_mortem1 (sample3.sampletests_d.TestSomething)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "testrunner-ex/sample3/sampletests_d.py",
          line 34, in test_post_mortem1
    raise ValueError
ValueError
<BLANKLINE>
...ValueError
<BLANKLINE>
> testrunner-ex/sample3/sampletests_d.py(34)test_post_mortem1()
-> raise ValueError
(Pdb) p x
1
(Pdb) c
Tearing down left over layers:
  Tear down zope.testrunner.layer.UnitTests in N.NNN seconds.
False

Note that the test runner exits after post-mortem debugging.

In the example above, we debugged an error. Failures are actually converted to errors and can be debugged the same way:

>>> sys.stdin = Input('p x\np y\nc')
>>> sys.argv = ('test -ssample3 --tests-pattern ^sampletests_d$'
...             ' -t post_mortem_failure1 -D').split()
>>> try: testrunner.run_internal(defaults)
... finally: sys.stdin = real_stdin
... # doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE +REPORT_NDIFF +ELLIPSIS
Running zope.testrunner.layer.UnitTests tests:
...
Error in test test_post_mortem_failure1 (sample3.sampletests_d.TestSomething)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File ".../unittest.py",  line 252, in debug
    getattr(self, self.__testMethodName)()
  File "testrunner-ex/sample3/sampletests_d.py",
    line 42, in test_post_mortem_failure1
    assert x == y
AssertionError
<BLANKLINE>
...AssertionError
<BLANKLINE>
> testrunner-ex/sample3/sampletests_d.py(42)test_post_mortem_failure1()
-> assert x == y
(Pdb) p x
1
(Pdb) p y
2
(Pdb) c
Tearing down left over layers:
  Tear down zope.testrunner.layer.UnitTests in N.NNN seconds.
False